In this report, this report examines the relationship between food security and health as measured by 10 chronic conditions identified by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) as
particularly worthy of research because of their prevalence, cost, morbidity, and preventability.
We focus on the role of food security as a predictor of health among working-age adults and the
differences in health outcomes across the range of household food security: high, marginal, low,
and very low. In general, lower food security is associated with higher probability of each of the chronic diseases examined—hypertension, coronary heart disease (CHD), hepatitis, stroke, cancer,
asthma, diabetes, arthritis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and kidney disease. Food
security status is more strongly predictive of chronic illness in some cases even than income