In 2009, the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) awarded competitive grants to six states to support demonstration activities for up to three years : three states (Michigan, Ohio, and Pennsylvania) targeted the elderly and three (Massachusetts, Washington, and Wisconsin) targeted the working poor. FNS contracted with Mathematica Policy Research to document and evaluate states’ efforts to facilitate access to SNAP. This report describes how the three objectives of this initiative were met: (1) to understand the design, implementation, and operations of the demonstrations; (2) to assess the outcomes and effects of the demonstrations on SNAP applications and participation; and (3) to estimate demonstration costs.