Evaluation of the Effect of the OAA Title III-C Nutrition Services Program on Participants’ Food Security, Socialization & Diet Quality

The 2017 evaluation of the Older Americans Act (OAA) Nutrition Program for the Elderly
provides results and information on the impact of the program on the participants’
food security, socialization, and diet quality. Comparisons are drawn from the previous
evaluation of the program conducted in 1995. This evaluation also serves to provide insight into areas needing further review. This evaluation’s results provide much support for the work of the Aging Network as it attempts to fulfill its core mission of reducing hunger and food insecurity,
promoting socialization, and promoting the health and well-being of older individuals.
This report summarizes findings from the NSP outcomes evaluation. The objectives of the
evaluation are to:
1. Describe NSP participants’ demographic and household characteristics, health status,
mobility, eating behaviors, diet quality, food security, socialization, and other
2. Describe NSP participants’ experiences with and impressions of the NSP and their valuation
of meals and supportive services received through the program.
3. Determine the impact of NSP meals and related services on participants’ n
utrition, food security, and diet quality (with a focus on nutrients linked to health of older adults) by
comparing outcomes for NSP participants and nonparticipants.
4. Determine the impact of NSP meals and nutrition services on overall wellness and well-being by
comparing outcomes for NSP participants and nonparticipants.
Overall, the findings from this report are informative and will support efforts to continue efforts to improve the health and well-being, address food insecurities, and meet the needs of OAA program participants. Further, the results will be used to highlight areas where States, Area Agencies on Aging and the local nutrition providers should assess their methods of service provision to ensure optimal benefit and responsiveness to the changing needs of the increasing number and increasingly diverse older population.