Food Insecurity and the Role of Hospitals

As health care delivery transformation improves toward a population health paradigm that incentivizes keeping people healthy, hospitals and health systems are recognizing the significance of
addressing social determinants of health. Research has shown that only 20 percent of health can
be attributed to medical care, while social and economic factors account for 40 percent. This guide discusses the link between food insecurity and health issues, including chronic illness and child development, and the role of hospitals in identifying food-insecure individuals and households
to help address this determinant of health. There are strategic considerations and clinical and nonclinical approaches that hospitals can use to build a healthier community that addresses the physical, behavioral and socioeconomic needs of individuals and families and to improve
population health.