Mathematica Report: Evaluation of the Effect of the Older Americans Act Title III-C Nutrition Services Program on Participants’ Food Security, Socialization, and Diet Quality

In an effort to ensure that the health and social needs of older adults are adequately met and to rebalance long-term care provision away from institutionalization and toward home and community-based services, the Administration on Aging (AoA) within the Administration for Community Living of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) administers
the Title III-C Nutrition Services Program (NSP) as part of the Older Americans Act (OAA). The NSP promotes access to nutritious meals, nutrition education, and nutrition counseling; facilitates social contact; and conducts health promotion activities all which help older adults maintain their independence in their homes and communities.

The mission of AoA is to develop a comprehensive, coordinated, and cost-effective system of long-term care that helps older adults maintain their independence in their homes and communities. As part of its ongoing efforts to support program planning, improve program efficiency, and strengthen program effectiveness, AoA contracted with Mathematica Policy Research to conduct the Title III-C NSP Evaluation. The three-part evaluation consists of a process evaluation of program administration and service delivery, a program cost analysis, and an evaluation of the effect of the program on participants’ outcomes. This report is the first of two reports about the NSP outcome evaluation. It summarizes findings from the outcomes evaluation using data collected from program participants and nonparticipants.